Can poverty ever be overcome? At first glance, it appears Jesus didn’t think so.
After all, He said, “The poor you will always have with you.”
It’s right there in Scripture. John 12:8.
So don’t get too worried about tackling poverty and injustice—it’s a losing battle. Tone down your revolutionary rhetoric and give up the fight. Right?
Perhaps like me, you have experienced that metaphorical pat on the head. This verse is often used as an attempt to take the wind out of all the rest of Jesus’ commands to work for justice and to love mercy.
I think Jesus actually meant the opposite of what we usually take him to mean here. It seems to me that Jesus was actually advocating generosity and action to eradicate poverty, rather than hands-up-in-the-air, shoulder-shrugging apathy.
Here’s my reasoning:
You know how some catch-phrases are just so well known, that everyone knows the ending—you don’t even really need to say it?
“Sticks and stones.”
Everyone already knows the ending, “Sticks and stones will break my bones but words will never hurt me.” Just saying “sticks and stones” is enough for you to catch my drift.
It just so happens that in saying “The poor you will always have with you,” Jesus was quoting another well-known Biblical phrase—from a well-known passage of the Jewish Torah. Everyone hearing him back then would have caught his drift.
Here’s the full original quote:
If among you, one of your brothers should become poor, in any of your towns within your land that the Lord your God is giving you, you shall not harden your heart or shut your hand against your poor brother, but you shall open your hand to him and lend him sufficient for his need, whatever it may be … For the poor you will always have with you in the land. Therefore I command you, ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor, in your land.’ (Deuteronomy 15:7-11)
So, reading Jesus’ words in their original context you can see that His words were meant to spur generosity towards the poor. “Open wide your hand!” The command to be open-handed towards the poor comes directly from Yahweh himself.
Not apathy and tight-fistedness as we use these words to mean today.
The next time someone says, “The poor you will always have with you…” Be sure to complete the sentence: “Therefore I command you, ‘You shall open wide your hand to your brother, to the needy and to the poor, in your land.”
The second thing to note about this story is that Jesus says these words to rebuke Judas who was scornful toward a woman for pouring out her perfume on Jesus: He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief: As keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it. (John 12:6)
So, when we use Jesus’ words to justify not caring about the poor, we are actually repeating the very sin of Judas himself, who was robbing the poor.
Of course, this posture of generosity and open-handedness lines up much more consistently with the rest of Jesus’ life and teachings, starting with the revolutionary song sung by Mary while Jesus was still in the womb: “He has filled the hungry with good things, and the rich he has sent away empty.” (Luke 1:53)
You can see Jesus fulfilling this prophecy in the feeding of the 5,000. The same word from Mary’s song, “filled,” is found in John 6:12, where we hear that that motley crowd all ate and were “filled.”
The need of 5,000 hungry people was met in that place and time because one little boy was willing to be “open-handed” towards the poor and needy.
Later, after Jesus’ death, the early believers also took these teachings on open-handedness seriously:
And God’s grace was so powerfully at work in them all that there were NO needy persons among them. Because from time to time those who owned land or houses sold them, brought the money from the sales and put it at the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to anyone who had need. (Acts 4:34-35)
There were no needy persons among them! Poverty was eradicated in their midst. That was the natural outcome of taking Jesus’ teachings seriously.
Jesus’ upside-down Kingdom is coming. He calls us to be part of it. The poor are going to be lifted up. The hungry are going to be fed. Your call and my call is to be open-handed.
The original version of this article appeared first on Craig Greenfield’s weekly social justice blog.
Craig Greenfield is the author of Subversive Jesus: an adventure in justice, mercy and faithfulness in a broken world. He is also the founder and director of Alongsiders International, a grassroots movement for vulnerable children in Asia and Africa.